During the COVID crisis, the Eurosystem has purchased securities on the markets and granted banks loans on favourable terms. These measures have helped avoid a deep recession and deflation in the euro area.
Growth in the euro area economy is robust, but the outlook is overshadowed by production bottlenecks and the possibility of new coronavirus variants. Monetary policy will maintain favourable financing conditions for a sufficiently long period for the economy to continue its recovery.
Inflation, or the rise in the general level of prices, has accelerated due to the rise in commodity prices and the recovery in the economy. Inflation will slow next year. Monetary policy will be used to ensure that inflation remains stable.