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1327 charts

Miney market interest raters in a corridor under scarce and ample reserves

Euro area overnight money market rates, ECB's interest rate corridor and excess liquidity in the Eurosystem

US money market rates, Fed funds target range and level of reserves

Key ECB interest rates have been raised rapidly but short-term money market interest rates are still not as high as in 2000

ECB´s securities holdings and loans to banks have begun to decrease

Development of emission allowance prices in the EU

Loans granted by Finnish MFIs for energy production and forms of energy production in the EU

Energy production capacity in EU countries, loans granted by Finnish MFIs for energy production in 2025 and the targets of certain scenarios for 2025

SDS = Sustainable Development Scenario (set of measures in accordance with the Paris Agreement for different forms of energy production); SPS = Stated Policies Scenario (measures announced in 2019), see PACTA (2020b)

B2DS scenario target level for renewable energy production, energy production in the EU, and renewable energy production of companies financed by Finnish MFIs in 2020–2025

In order to achieve the targets, development should remain in the green zone.

Low-income households suffered slightly from higher-than-average inflation in 2022

Households tapped in 2022 into their savings accrued during the pandemic

Highest income decile accounts for a quarter of household income

The share of indebted households is larger in the high-income deciles than in the low-income

Households' interest burden is distributed fairly evenly between income deciles

Housing costs eat up a large part of the income in the lowest-income households

The lowest-income decile only barely reaches a decent standard of living

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