Bank of Finland articles on the economy
Bank of Finland Bulletin 4/2019 - Economic outlook for the global economy
Published 3 Oct 2019
pdf, 3.44 MB
Bank of Finland Bulletin 3/2019 - Economic forecast for the Finnish economy
Published 11 Jun 2019
pdf, 7.32 MB
How can we avoid a negative equilibrium of low growth and low inflation?3 October 2019, Bank of Finland Bulletin 4/2019
Slower-than-target inflation and a persistent decline in inflation expectations are key challenges for monetary policy. A negative equilibrium of prolonged low inflation and zero interest rates would fundamentally weaken monetary policy’s room for manoeuvre in balancing fluctuations in the economic cycle.
Public finances need more room for manoeuvre19 June 2019, Bank of Finland Bulletin 3/2019
Active measures to strengthen the public finances should be taken when the economy is in good heart.
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File size and format – pdf, 7.32 MB
The method by which agreement is reached on wages in the Member States participating in EMU has a particular significance for employment and growth. Optimal wage formation defines the development of competitiveness.
Finland’s cost-competitiveness has improved in recent years. From the perspective of employment there would still be room for further improvement.
The pace of labour productivity growth in Finland has faded. This is attributable to lacklustre productivity development in manufacturing as well as the increasing dominance of services in the economy.
Finland’s economic growth will be slower during the next three years. Growth has also slowed in the euro area and elsewhere around the world. However, there are still possibilities for growth in the Finnish economy.
Abundant construction in the Helsinki metropolitan area has put a brake on apartment prices.
Even if the employment rate were to remain unchanged, the number of employed would decline by 15,000 over the years 2019–2021.
Short-lived volatility in consumer prices make it harder to monitor price pressures within the economy. Measures of core inflation describe price developments that are not driven by temporary factors.
If economic growth in the immediate years ahead does not exceed around 1.5%, achievement of the 75% employment target is unlikely.
Economist robot currently forecasts a marked slowdown in growth. The forecast has weakened substantially during the spring with the release of new statistical data.
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