Bank of Finland articles on the economy
Bank of Finland Bulletin 4/2019 - Economic outlook for the global economy
Published 3 Oct 2019
pdf, 528 kB
Bank of Finland Bulletin 3/2019 - Economic forecast for the Finnish economy
Published 11 Jun 2019
pdf, 7.32 MB
How can we avoid a negative equilibrium of low growth and low inflation?3 October 2019, Bank of Finland Bulletin 4/2019
Slower-than-target inflation and a persistent decline in inflation expectations are key challenges for monetary policy. A negative equilibrium of prolonged low inflation and zero interest rates would fundamentally weaken monetary policy’s room for manoeuvre in balancing fluctuations in the economic cycle.
Public finances need more room for manoeuvre19 June 2019, Bank of Finland Bulletin 3/2019
Active measures to strengthen the public finances should be taken when the economy is in good heart.
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Euro area inflation has been slow in recent years. The way slow inflation was explained before the crisis has been challenged.
Sweden's economy is performing well. However, if it were to deepen, the downward turn in house prices could cut the positive trend in the economy.
Following the steep contraction caused by the financial crisis, there have been substantial differences in economic performance across the different countries in the euro area. Healthy economic structures appear to have facilitated a speedier recovery.
The reinvestment of maturing holdings, i.e. the replacement of maturing holdings with new ones, is gradually becoming an increasingly important part of an appropriate monetary policy stance.
The favourable outlook for the global economy is overshadowed by the threat of protectionism. In the euro area growth has picked up. Some of this acceleration is on a sustainable basis, but long-term growth is likely to remain slower than pre-crisis growth.
Single deposit insurance is an important part of the completion of Banking Union. The deposit insurance fund needs to be sufficiently large to credibly withstand possible problem situations. Banks’ deposit insurance contributions should be calibrated based on risks.
In the aftermath of the global financial crisis many central banks cut their policy rates close to zero and introduced non-standard monetary policy measures. The new situation has also presented a challenge for monetary policy modelling.
The bank-sovereign nexus has weakened, but we cannot consider it to be broken.
Euro area inflation remains subdued, but confidence in inflation converging towards the ECB's objective has strengthened. Owing to these uncertainties, the conduct of monetary policy in the euro area rests on patience, persistence and prudence.
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