Bank of Finland articles on the economy
Bank of Finland Bulletin 4/2019 - Economic outlook for the global economy
Published 3 Oct 2019
pdf, 528 kB
Bank of Finland Bulletin 3/2019 - Economic forecast for the Finnish economy
Published 11 Jun 2019
pdf, 7.32 MB
How can we avoid a negative equilibrium of low growth and low inflation?3 October 2019, Bank of Finland Bulletin 4/2019
Slower-than-target inflation and a persistent decline in inflation expectations are key challenges for monetary policy. A negative equilibrium of prolonged low inflation and zero interest rates would fundamentally weaken monetary policy’s room for manoeuvre in balancing fluctuations in the economic cycle.
Public finances need more room for manoeuvre19 June 2019, Bank of Finland Bulletin 3/2019
Active measures to strengthen the public finances should be taken when the economy is in good heart.
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Regulatory reforms and macroprudential measures have improved the risk resilience of the bank-centred EU financial system. Work has also begun on targeting stability risks building up beyond the banking system.
Finnish household debt is rapidly increasing also via consumer credit. Loans taken out from these new sources is difficult to monitor.
Investors’ optimism on the financial markets can rapidly turn to risk aversion if global economic or political uncertainty increases.
Households in both Finland and Sweden are carrying a record level of debt relative to their income.
The Finnish, Swedish, Norwegian and Danish banking sectors are large and concentrated and there are systemic risks relating to lending for the residential and commercial real estate markets.
Growing household debt and the changing structure of the banking system are increasing the vulnerability of the financial system.
It is important to ensure that payment transfers and card payments also operate when data connections with other countries are down.
The three key trends in payments are fragmentation of the market, payments going real time and the actual act of payment fading into the background.
Structural changes in the banking sector may have an impact on risk spillovers between the Nordic countries.
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