Bank of Finland articles on the economy
Bank of Finland Bulletin 5/2019 - Economic forecast for the Finnish economy
Published 17 Dec 2019
pdf, 2.46 MB
Bank of Finland Bulletin 4/2019 - Economic outlook for the global economy
Published 3 Oct 2019
pdf, 3.44 MB
Finland's economic transition still incomplete17 December 2019, Bank of Finland Bulletin 5/2019
The Finnish economy is still going through a period of transition in which it has to adjust to two large structural realignments.
How can we avoid a negative equilibrium of low gorwth and low inflation?3 October 2019, Bank of Finland Bulletin 4/2019
Slower-than-target inflation and a persistent decline in inflation expectations are key challenges for monetary policy. A negative equilibrium of prolonged low inflation and zero interest rates would fundamentally weaken monetary policy’s room for manoeuvre in balancing fluctuations in the economic cycle.
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The shift in China’s model of growth and fall in the price of oil will weigh on the global economy. The Bank of Finland forecasts growth of around 3%.
Before the current recession, Finland was closing the gap on Europe’s wealthiest small economies but is now falling ever further behind.
Increasing market uncertainty over the condition of banks in early 2016 was not due solely to concerns about global economic growth but also above all reflected concerns about banks’ non-performing loans and declining profitability amid low interest rates and subdued growth.
In recent years, the growth of international trade has slowed to the level of the GDP growth rate. Is the most hectic phase of globalisation already history?
In many countries, a rapid rise in debt has led to financial sector problems and a pronounced slowdown in economic growth. In China, too, sustainable management of the public finances would require a slowdown in the pace of debt accumulation.
Japan’s economy has so far been growing sluggishly, but the deflationary trend has been successfully cut and structural reforms taken forward.
The Bank of Finland forecasts a 3% contraction in Russian GDP in 2016. This is due to the export price shocks Russia has had to face.
The cover and transparency of China’s GDP statistics need to be improved. According to the statistics, the deceleration in growth has been very evenly spread, which has increased suspicions over the reliability of the data.
The BRICS countries, which have been supporting global growth, are now facing headwinds. Within the group, only the outlook for India's economy remains positive.
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