A wide coalition of countries have imposed economic sanctions on Russia for its brutal aggression against Ukraine. The sanctions regime has impaired – but not exhausted – Russia’s financial and technological ability to make war.
With India’s ever-increasing importance in the global economy, Europe’s central banks and other key institutions need to sharpen their focus on India. The International Relations Committee of the European System of Central Banks (ESCB) established an informal India expert network in 2021.
Russia’s oil exports have decreased only marginally in volume since it began the war in Ukraine. While the export volume to countries of the European Union has fallen somewhat, Russia has found new markets in India, China and Türkiye.
Russia’s government budget plan that covers all budget levels in 2022−2025 contains optimism. Revenue estimates are based on a relatively benign economic forecast, deficits have been set low, and expenditures are seen to grow very weakly in real terms despite the recession.
Russia’s brutal war in Ukraine has affected the Russian economy through various channels. There has been a substantial decline in imports due to the heightened uncertainty and the international sanctions prompted by the war.
Russia’s brutal war on Ukraine is bringing unimaginable destruction to the lives of Ukrainians as well as to Ukraine’s economy. Ukraine urgently needs our assistance, in many forms. At the same time, however, we need to understand how the war affects the Russian economy.
The global economy and global trade flows have been hit hard by the COVID-19 crisis. The trade collapse in the second quarter of 2020 was even more severe than during the trough of the global financial crisis in 2009.
The real-world nature of China’s official gross domestic product reporting has been dubious for years. Although China has long engaged in the practice of setting economic growth targets, it was only in 2012 that hitting a specific number began to be carefully tracked.
This website saves on your device small data files known as cookies. These are divided into essential cookies and statistical ones. Essential cookies are always operational, as they allow use of the site and ensure data security.
The site does not use any cookies that identify the user.
Select ‘Approve cookies’ or click ‘Edit cookie settings’, read the additional information and tailor the cookies to your preferences.
Essential cookies enable the website’s data security and basic functions such as navigating around the site and the search function. Essential cookies do not gather any data that can identify a user of the site.
Statistical enhancement cookies help us develop the site to meet users’ needs. They gather data on e.g. users’ terminals, site visits and time spent on the site. Statistical cookies do not gather any data that can identify the user.